The History of Machine
The hand axe, made by chipping flint to form a wedge, in the hands of a human transforms force and movement of the tool into a transverse splitting forces and movement of the workpiece.The idea of a simple machine originated with the lever principle descovered by Greek philosopher Archimedes. During the Renaissance, the dynamics of the Mechanical Powers began to be studied, leading eventually to the new concept of mechanical work. The Industrial Revolution was a period where changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, and technology had a profound effect on the social, economic and cultural conditions of the times. Starting in the later part of the 18th century, there began a transition in parts of Great Britain's previously manual labour and draft-animal-based economy towards machine-based manufacturing.
What is Automation
Automation is the technology by which a process or procedure is performed with minimal human assistance. Nowadays, with the development of electronics and information technology, especially with the advent and widespread use of computers, the concept of automation has expanded to use machines (including computers) not only to replace human physical labor but also to replace or assist mental work to automatically complete a specific job. The use of automation technology can not only liberate people from heavy physical labor, part of mental labor and a harsh and dangerous working environment, but also greatly improve labor productivity and enhance human ability to understand the world and transform the world.
Machinery Manufacturing Industry
The development of machinery was responsible for one of the great advances in human history, the industrial revolution. Machinery encompasses a vast range of products, ranging from huge industrial turbines costing millions of dollars to the common lawn mower, but all machinery has one common defining feature: it either reduces or eliminates the amount of human work required to accomplish a task. The machinery manufacturing industry now continues to evolve domestic and foreign competition, requiring the industry to adopt new technologies and techniques to lower costs and raise the productivity of its workforce.