The paper making machine is an industrial machine used in the pulp and paper industry in order to create paper in large quantities at high speed.
Modern paper machines are based on the principles of the Fourdrinier Machine, which uses a woven mesh in motion to create a continuous web of paper by filtering the fibers held in a paper stock and producing a continuously moving wet mat of fibre. This is dried in the machine to produce a solid paper web. The basic process is an industrialised version of the historical process of hand paper-making, which could not satisfy the demands of developing modern society for large quantities of a printing and writing substrate. The first modern paper machine was invented in Britain by Sealy Fourdrinier and Henry and it was patented in 1806, the same process is used to produce paperboard on the paperboard machine.
The paper is made in two steps:
The cellulose fibers are extracted from various sources and converted to pulp.
The pulp is mixed with water and placed on a paper machine where it is flattened, dried and cut into sheets and rolls.
An earlier paper was made by hand in various parts of India. Manpower was huge for making paper; also it needed a lot of time to make paper by hand. A fiber was collected from trees; it was cut down into small pieces or grinds them with the water. The pulp was created from the mixture and was spread to dry. Then it was beaten to get a thin sheet and again dried. This process almost takes a day to get long sheets of paper. Advancement in the handmade paper is the machinery for making pulp and paper. These machines are manufactured at high scale industries.
Paper is obtained by the wood fiber, recycled paper, cloth and any other raw material that contains fiber.
Paper making machine is designed in such a way that they perform a continuous process and can bear the load of the pulp. Machines can give the same quality of pulp even if it is made from various different fibers.
Paper making machine has new advancement in the technology
Paper machine components are useful and effective for cutting down the wooden chips or mixing pulp well with water and chemicals.
Paper making machines are one of the greatest impacts made on the environment. Paper machines are designed in such a way that they can produce any fiber into pulp. Wooden chips are brought to the factory and grinded with the water till it turns into pulp.
Paper making machine is designed so that the material like cloth and cotton can be turned into pulp. Machines are well organized in such a way that it can efficiently get fiber out of any raw material, and convert them into pulp.
Paper making machines are beneficial in all the aspects. It saves time, manpower and can give exact and better results as that of the paper.